Josua de Grave (Amsterdam, 1643-1712 The Hague) Italianate landscape with rapids (1697)

The painter and draughtsman Josua de Grave (Amsterdam, 1643-1712 The Hague) was the son of Claude de Grave and Sara Bols. He had two older brothers, Pieter and Cornelis and one elder sister Jannetje. Josua became a member of the Lucas Guild Haarlem in 1659 together with Willem Romeijn and Gerrit Adriaensz. Berckheyde. He married Jenneton de Bisson in 1670 who gave birth to two daughters. His earlier works are predominantly topographical drawings with frequently military subjects, most dating between 1660's and 1670's and the earliest drawing known dated 1663 "bij Parijs tot Arcueil 1663" (at Paris and Arcueil 1663). His landscapes are mostly cities or villages in a landscape with the most attention given to the landscape, set up in broad horizontal lines. Most drawings measuring ca. 96 x 165 mm, the dimensions of his sketchbook.

In the 1660's he spent several years in northern France. In 1668 he moved to Maastricht where he spent several years and later in 1671 to Bergen op Zoom. Together with Valentijn and Bernhard Klotz Josua de Grave followed the campaigns of Willem III of Orange against the French between 1674 and 1676. Here the three friends made many drawings of the daily life in the army encampments. Their renderings and styles are closely related and often confused, caused by the influences the artist had on each other. Bernhard Klotz was probably a pupil of Valentijn Klotz and Josua de Grave. Finally Josua settled in The Hague in 1672 where he painted Italianate and fantasy landscapes, compositions with gardens and designs for wall panels. He was influenced by Jan Both, Jan Asselijn and Nicolaes Berchem.[1][2]

This relatively large sheet (most drawings by de Grave are oblong sketchbook drawings measuring appr. 10 x 15 cm, our drawing doubles this size) depicts a rare and seldomly found subject by de Grave. Asides from influences by the Italianists Jan Both and Nicolaes Berchem the repoussoir with rocks and rapids clearly shows the influence of Jan Worst.[3]

The Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam acquired several Italianate drawings by de Grave from the dealer H. J. Valk in 1895, depicting Italian gardens with statues. De Grave's large format Italianate landscapes with rapids signed and dated are extremely rare and appear seldomly on the market.[4][5][6]


[1] M. Breitbarth-van der Stok, 'Josua de Grave, Valentinus Klotz en Bernardus Klotz'. Bulletin van de Koninklijke Nederlandse Oudheidkundige Bond 68 (1969), p. 93-115.

[2] R.J. van Hasselt, Drie tekenaars van topografische prenten in Brabant en elders : Valentijn Klotz, Josua de Grave en Constantijn Huygens Jr. Jaarboek Oudheidkundige Kring De Ghulden Roos, 1965. p. 145-155.

[3] Peter Schatborn, Drawings by Jan Worst. Master drawings ; 58 1 P. 29-78.

[4] Gezicht op een Italiaanse tuin, Josua de Grave, in of na ca. 1676. Pen and brown ink, tip of the bruch and grey ink, grey wash, 163 x 213 mm. inv. no. RP-T-1895-A-3060

[5] Denkbeeldig Italiaans landschap met een formele tuinvijver en fontein, Josua de Grave, 1689.Pen and brown ink, brush and bleuish ink, grey wash, pencil, 208 x 198 mm. inv. no. RP-T-1895-A-3063.

[6] Gezicht op een Italiaanse beeldentuin, Josua de Grave, in of na ca. 1676. Pen and brown ink, brush and grey ink, pencil, 163 x 210 mm. inv. no. RP-T-1895-A-3061.

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